Category Archives: History and Philosophy

A series of essays on human history, philosophy, theology, and the search for personal knowledge.

Harriet Jenkins Wiggin of Massachusetts

Harriet E. Jenkins was born in Vermont sometime in 1815, possibly to John and Mary Jenkins. She was a little girl of 12 in 1828 when she worked on a sampler using needle and thread. She sewed white thread on … Continue reading

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Metamorphosis

Franz Kafka’s Metamorphosis is a strange story about a man who awakes one day to find himself transformed, or metamorphosed, into a bug-like creature with many small skinny legs, antennae, and a hard shell. His appetites change and he can … Continue reading

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George Washington Amos III, Arkansas Farmer, 1845-1916

George Washington Amos was son of George Washington Amos II, who was son of George Washington Amos I. GW Amos III was born in Talbot County, Georgia, on February 28, 1845. His family moved to Alabama when he was young, … Continue reading

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Hugh Crawford, Scottish Paper Stainer and Emigrant to America, 1789-1857

Hugh Crawford was born in Glasgow on January 31, 1789; he died in Pawtucket, Rhode Island on July 1, 1857 when he was 68. He was the second-born son of John Crawford and Agnes Wright of Glasgow. He had many … Continue reading

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Arthur Hamilton Phillips, Farmer and Factory Foreman of New Brunswick and Rhode Island, 1869-1939

Arthur Hamilton Phillips was born in New Brunswick in 1869, the son of Thomas Phillips, an immigrant from Ireland, and Charlotte Kingston, a native of New Brunswick. It is unclear precisely where in New Brunswick Arthur was born. His sister … Continue reading

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Montaigne’s Lesson about Life

“We are great fools,” Montaigne declared, in Of Experience. “I have done nothing today,” the fool says. “What! Have you not lived?” The living of life is a sufficient task. “Have you known how to . . . manage your … Continue reading

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William Wilburn Amos, Arkansas and Oklahoma Farmer

William Wilburn Amos was born on April 18, 1867, in Pike Co., Alabama, in the southern part of the state, to George Washington Amos III and Mary Jane Carter Amos. William was their first-born son. He was brought up as … Continue reading

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William Leverett Lawson, Tulsa Mechanic and Fisherman, 1900-1968

William Leverett Lawson was born Nov 5, 1900, in Wesley, Madison Co., Arkansas. His parents were John Calvin and Josephine Robbins Lawson. When he was born, his parents had just returned to Arkansas from living in the Cherokee Nation, Indian … Continue reading

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Martha Rhodes Calhoun, Farm Mother and Wife

Martha Rhodes Calhoun was born July 24, 1831 and died in 1873. Martha Rhodes Calhoun was the mother of Arsula Calhoun Amos and grandmother of Bessie Lura Amos. She was born in Williamson, Tennessee; she married William C. Calhoun on … Continue reading

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William Calhoun, Illinois and Arkansas Farmer and Carpenter (1826-1900)

William Calhoun was born in May, 1826, in Williamson, Tennessee, to Jacob (Jack) Julian Calhoun (1802-1856) and Rebecca McCall (1797-1869). William and Martha Rhodes, who was also from Tennessee, were married Oct 17, 1850 in Tennessee; he was 24, she … Continue reading

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